By Payson D. Sheets
Scientists have lengthy speculated at the impression of utmost typical catastrophes on human societies. Archeology and Volcanism in relevant the United States presents dramatic proof of the consequences of numerous volcanic mess ups on a huge civilization of the Western Hemisphere, that of the Maya.
During the previous 2,000 years, 4 volcanic eruptions have taken position within the Zapotitán Valley of southern El Salvador. One, the devastating eruption of Ilopango round A.D. three hundred, compelled an immense migration, pushing the Mayan humans north to the Yucatán Peninsula. even supposing later eruptions didn't have long-range implications for cultural switch, one of many next eruptions preserved the Cerén site—a Mesoamerican Pompeii the place the our bodies of the villagers, the palm-thatched roofs in their homes, the pots of meals of their pantries, even the corn vegetation of their fields have been preserved with extraordinary fidelity.
Throughout 1978, a multidisciplinary workforce of anthropologists, archeologists, geologists, biologists, and others subsidized by way of the collage of Colorado's Protoclassic venture researched and excavated the result of volcanism within the Zapotitan Valley—a key Mesoamerican web site that modern political strife has for the reason that rendered inaccessible.
The result's a very good contribution to our knowing of the effect of volcanic eruptions on early Mayan civilization. those investigations essentially exhibit that the Maya inhabited this volcanically harmful valley to be able to gain the non permanent advantages that the volcanic ash produced—fertile soil, superb clays, and obsidian deposits.
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Extra info for Archeology and Volcanism in Central America: The Zapotitán Valley of El Salvador (Texas Pan American Series)
Archeology and Volcanism in Central America: The Zapotitán Valley of El Salvador (Texas Pan American Series) by Payson D. Sheets